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By Nada AbiSamra
English Teacher - American Community School
Grade 12
Lebanese Baccalaureate Program

Adapted from the following web sites:
http://www.internet.ve/eca/ib/ibextess.htm
http://eagle.aegsp.br/hs/ib/essay/
http://www.ecis.org/brunei/IB%20BOOKLET%202002.pdf
http://www.sanjuan.edu/schools/miraloma/Programs/ibbooklet.pdf
http://204.98.27.1/programs/ib/ibessay.html


 



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

What is the Extended Essay?

The Extended Essay is defined as an in-depth study of a limited topic within a subject. Its purpose is to develop skills in the methods of critical research. Emphasis is placed on the process of engaging in personal/independent research, on the communication of ideas and information in a logical and coherent manner, and on the overall presentation of the Extended Essay in compliance with these Guidelines.
The recommended length of time to spend on the preparation and writing of the Extended Essay is 30 hours.
The extended essay required by Baccalaureate students is a piece of original research of approximately 2500 words/10 to 12 pages and is a requirement for graduation. This aspect of the Bacc program offers students the opportunity to investigate, in depth, a topic of special interest to them. In the process, they become acquainted with the kind of independent research and writing skills expected at the university level. The selection of a topic for the extended essay enables students to either deepen their program of study by choosing a topic from one of their courses, or they can broaden their studies by writing on a unfamiliar topic outside their own program.

EXTENDED ESSAY ASSESSMENT:
The overall research projectis graded out of 100: 40 points are awarded for General Criteria, 40 points for Subject Specific Criteria, and 20 points for Oral Presentation.
 

Supervisor's Responsibilities

The Extended Essay general Supervisor/advisor has four principal responsibilities.

  • To encourage and support the candidate throughout the research and writing of the Extended Essay.
  • To provide the candidate with advice
  • To provide the candidate with guidance in the skills of undertaking research.
  • To ensure that the Extended Essay is the candidate's own work.
  • The Supervisor must provide -guidance appropriate to the particular requirements of candidates, including help with:
  • defining a suitable topic and research question;
  • devising an outline plan for the research;
  • access to appropriate resources (such as people, a library, a laboratory);
  • techniques of gathering/analyzing/evaluating information/data;
  • how to write an Abstract.
  • Whilst the Supervisor is encouraged to discuss the choice of topic with candidates, the Supervisor must allow 'candidates to choose the topic and develop their own ideas.

    The Supervisor is encouraged to read and comment on the first rough draft of the Extended Essay. However, it is not appropriate to edit this draft for the candidate. It is the candidate's responsibility to correct mistakes and verify the accuracy of the Extended Essay's content.
     

    Procedures

    1) Make sure you have an idea of what is considered a good essay.

    2) Start by picking an area of study, (science, history, English, etc..). Choose a topic area of special interest to you, (nuclear fusion, economic development of rural Brazil). Narrow down the topic area until you have a rough research question ( Is Nuclear Fission Feasible or Even Desirable?).

    3) Find a subject advisor and discuss your research question and ideas with him/her. Usually an advisor can help direct you in the refinement of your research question.

    4) As you start your research be certain that you document every piece of information you obtain on a bibliography card. If you do research on the internet, be sure that the correct procedures are  followed for listing bibliographical information from the net. Any sign or form of plagiarism would have serious consequences.

    Remember to start your research early so that you have ample time to do the best job possible. Take pride in your work and you will recall the experience as time well spent!


    Two copies of the Extended Essay form are to be completed by you and your faculty supervisor. One copy of the form is for you, one copy for your faculty supervisor, and one copy for Ms. Tucker. Each faculty supervisor will have a maximum number of students to supervise during this process. Therefore, do not delay in getting yourself organized and meeting with the faculty supervisor you most want to work with during this process. Have clear ideas before approaching a faculty supervisor.
    Your faculty supervisor will set the process deadlines for you to meet. However, two copies of a complete rough draft must be submitted early in the fall of the senior year. If you elect to do your Extended Essay in a science field, please note that this means completing an experiment. Some topics in science may be unsuitable for investigation because of ethical issues. Experiments likely to inflict pain on living organisms, have a harmful effect on health, or those which may involve access to or publication of confidential medical information should be avoided. In chemistry, topics unsuitable for investigation are those related to safety issues. For example, experiments involving toxic or dangerous chemicals, carcinogenic substances, or radioactive materials should be avoided. Other topics in science may be unsuitable because the outcome is already well known and documented in standard text books, and the candidate may not be able to show personal input. See your faculty supervisor concerning specifics for your selected subject area, and sign his or her separate contract.
    IB guidelines ask that you spend a minimum of four hours working with your faculty supervisor. Your supervisor is there to guide you in meeting the IB requirements for the Extended Essay. Therefore, since you are receiving credit you must be responsible for keeping appointments and meeting the deadlines established for you by the supervisor. Failure to follow these requirements will result in a failing grade and your supervisor may drop you as an Extended Essay diploma candidate. You may not be able to select another faculty supervisor because you will have missed their deadlines. So do not procrastinate!
    FINAL VERSION of your Extended Essay must include a title page, abstract, table of contents, proper source citations, and bibliography. Each page after the abstract and table of contents should have your last name, candidate number (you will receive this after exam registration in September of your junior year), and page number. Three copies of the final version of your Extended Essay are due in early December of your senior year.

     

    Choice of Subject/Topic:

    THE CHOICE OF SUBJECT
    The subject in which the Extended Essay is registered must be chosen from the list of available subjects given in the Regulations.

    It is advisable to choose the subject for the Extended Essay before deciding what the topic or research question of the Extended Essay will be. Since a limited range of subjects is available, certain topics may not be appropriate for an Extended Essay.

    The subject chosen for the Extended Essay does not have to be one of the subjects being studied by the candidate for the Diploma, but care should be taken to choose a subject about which the candidate has sufficient knowledge. Alternatively, the candidate must be prepared -to undertake background reading to gain a clear understanding of the nature of the subject.

    In choosing a subject an essential consideration is the personal interest of the candidate.

    THE CHOICE OF TOPIC
    The topic of the Extended Essay is the particular area of study within the chosen subject.

    Candidates should aim to choose a topic which is both interesting and original to them.

    The topic chosen should be limited in scope to allow candidates to analyze the topic in depth. A broad topic is unlikely to result in a successful Extended Essay.

    An unsuitable topic is one which requires no personal research, is entirely dependent upon --summarizing secondary sources and/or requires an essentially narrative or descriptive approach.

    The choice of topic should present the candidate with the opportunity to collect or generate information and/or data for analysis and evaluation.

    Writing a precise of a well-documented topic is unlikely to result in a successful Extended Essay.

    Candidates are not expected to make a contribution to knowledge within a subject.

    It is recommended that the relevant Subject Guidelines be consulted before a final decision is made about the choice of topic.   The topic is a particular area of a chosen subject. You should choose a topic that is both interesting and challenging to you. If possible, the topic should also relate to your surroundings and or cultural background. The topic chosen should be limited in scope and sufficiently narrow to allow you to examine an issue in depth. It should present you with the opportunity to collect or generate information and/or data for analysis and evaluation. This is why many students choose a science as their subject - they can run their own experiment and get their own results. You are not expected to make a contribution to knowledge.

    For example, if you choose mathematics as your subject, you are not expected to invent a new theorem.
    A broad topic is unlikely to result in a successful extended essay. A topic which requires no personal research and/or requires an essentially narrative or descriptive approach is not suitable for an extended essay.

     


    The Research Question

    The research question of the Extended Essay is the specific issue under investigation. For the majority of Extended Essays the specific issue to be investigated will be phrased in the form of a question, but exceptions to this are perfectly acceptable.

    Candidates are encouraged to identify a research question that can be explored within the constraints of time and other resources available to them.

    The Title

    The title of the Extended Essay should provide a clear indication of the specific issue to be investigated. It is not expected that the title of the Extended Essay will be phrased as a question.

    Examples:

    Title (Geography): The influence of distance on agricultural land use patterns in New South Wales, Australia

    Research Question: Is there a characteristic pattern in the use of agricultural land with distance away from central places in New South Wales, Australia?


    Title (English Al): Religious imagery in Withering Heights -

    Research Question: What is the nature and function of the religious imagery used in Withering Heights?


    Title Environmental An investigation into lead pollution from vehicle
    systems : emissions

    Research Question: Is there a relationship between proximity to high volumes of traffic and the level of lead in leaves?


    Outline

    http://nadabs.tripod.com/presguide.html
     

    Essay Organization

    It is likely that in the majority of Extended Essays candidates will follow a plan similar to that outlined below.

    Introduction

    Some indication should be given as to why the topic chosen is interesting, important or worthy of study.
    The topic should be described in a way which focuses on a research question or issue of manageable proportions.
    The research question or issue should be clearly stated and then developed through statements which place the investigation in an appropriate context.
    It may be appropriate for candidates to state their own view in relation to the research question or issue without prejudging the outcome of the investigation.

    Development

    The Extended Essay should examine background information and, if relevant, theoretical aspects of the study.

    Where appropriate:

  • an account of the method by which information/data is collected or generated should be given;
  • information/data should be selected which may allow for differing interpretations of the issue under discussion;
  • information/data should be evaluated as well as analyzed.
  • The use of clearly labeled and relevant diagrams, statistics, illustrations, sketch maps, tables or graphs is of particular importance in some subjects is encouraged. They should be appropriately placed within the Extended Essay.

    The Extended Essay should be written in an objective style.

    Conclusion

    The minimum requirements of the conclusion are that it:

  • is clearly stated;
  • is relevant to the issue being investigated;
  • is substantiated by the evidence presented;
  • clearly indicates issues, unresolved questions and new questions that have emerged from the research.
  • Abstract

    An Abstract must be included. The length of the Abstract must not exceed 300 words.

    The Abstract does not serve as an introduction. The inclusion of an Abstract is intended to encourage candidates to examine closely the development of an argument within the Extended Essay and the pertinence of any conclusions that are reached. It is also designed to allow subsequent readers to understand quickly what the Extended Essay is about.

    The Abstract presents a synopsis of the Extended Essay and therefore should be written last.

    The minimum requirements for the Abstract are to state clearly:

  • the topic;
  • the research question or specific issue being investigated;
  • the scope of the investigation;
  • the conclusion(s) of the Extended Essay.
  • The Abstract should be typed or word processed onto one side of a sheet of paper, separate from the Extended Essay, and should be attached to the Cover provided.

    Appendices

    soon

    Multimedia

    THE USE OF OTHER MEDIA AND MATERIALS
    Apart from graphic material, materials in other media may only be submitted as supporting appendices and should not detract from the written Extended Essay.

    Computers

    The use of computers is encouraged where they are appropriate as a tool for analyzing data relevant to the subject of the Extended Essay. Such material, in the form of a hard copy of the computer output, may be included in the Extended Essay but any associated program should only be referred to or reproduced, if original, as an appendix.

    Video Cassettes

    The use of video-cassettes as supporting material is permissible.

    Audio Cassettes

    The use of audio cassettes as supporting material is permissible, but is not encouraged. Extra merit will not be given for the inclusion of audio cassettes in support of an Extended Essay.

    Specimen Materials

    Specimen materials used in or produced by investigations do not form part of the Extended Essay and must not be submitted. Photographic evidence should be submitted in place of such material.


    Essay Presentation
    Presentation and overall neatness are important, and it is essential that illustrative material is well set out and used effectively. Graphs, diagrams, tables and maps are only effective if they are well labeled and can be interpreted with ease. All such material which is incorporated into the Extended Essay must be directly related to the text.

    The use of photographs -and postcards is only acceptable if they are captioned and/or annotated and are used to illustrate a specific point made in the Extended Essay.

    A contents page must be provided at the beginning of the Extended Essay and all pages should be numbered. An index is required.

    The use of typewriters or word processors is mandatory.

    References/Plagiarism

    The direct use of the words of another person, either written or oral, must be acknowledged by a reference. A candidate's failure to comply with this requirement will be viewed as plagiarism (copying), and will therefore be treated as a case of malpractice. An accepted form of referencing, used consistently according to the APA format, must be used to acknowledge the source of quotations.

    Example:

    Endnotes/footnotes: after the quotation a number (or other symbol) is given:

    'It has been said that we have not inherited this world from our parents, but borrowed it from our children.' (1)
    with a full reference at the end of the section or Extended Essay (endnotes) or at the foot of the page (footnotes).
    (1) Peterson, A. D. C. Schools Across Frontiers: the Story of the International Baccalaureate and the United World College. Open Court: La Salle, Illinois (1987); p 216.
    'It has been said that we have not inherited this world from our parents, but borrowed it from our children.' (Peterson, 1987: 216) with a full reference in the Bibliography, citing the date immediately after the author's name.

    An accepted method may be used to abbreviate quotations in cases where the full quotation is unnecessary.

    Example:

    Full quotation

    This pattern of academic study of six subjects, so distributed that they provided some experience of mankind's main tools of thought and ways of thinking, provided the framework of general education through specialization. (Peterson, 1987: 153)


    Abbreviated quotation

    'This pattern of academic study of six subjects . . . provided the framework of a general education through specialization.' (Peterson, 1987:153)


    A long quotation may be separated from the main text and indented. A short quotation may be included in the text and indicated by quotation marks.

    In some cases, when a quotation is taken Out of context and used in a passage to illustrate a particular point, the quotation may not make sense. In such cases it is permissible to include the present author's words in the quotation, but they must be enclosed by square brackets.

    Example:

    'The intention of the [Theory of Knowledge] course was to help the student to think about the questions which underlie the nature of knowledge as presented in the school disciplines and his daily life . . . '(Peterson, 1987: 48)


    When making use of the ideas of another person, but not using that person's exact words, candidates are still expected to include an acknowledgment.

    Example:

    It was the opinion of Alec Peterson (Peterson, 1987: 62) that . . .
    According to Alec Peterson (Peterson, 1987: 182), the . . .
    As Alec Peterson (Peterson, 1987: 205) suggested, the . . .
    Alec Peterson (Peterson, 1987:117) proposed that . . .
    Each work consulted, regardless of whether or not it has already been cited in a reference, must be listed in the bibliography.

    Footnotes or endnotes can be used to provide additional information, such as quotations, without interrupting the flow of the discussion.

    Bibliography

    The bibliography should only include those works (such as books and journals) consulted by the candidate. The bibliography should specify: author(s), title, date and place of publication, and the name of the publisher, following consistently one standard method of listing sources.

    Examples:

    Peterson, A. D. C. Schools Across Frontiers: the Story of the International Baccalaureate and the United World College. Open Court: La Salle, Illinois (1987).
    Peterson, A. D. C. (1987), Schools Across Frontiers: the story of the International Baccalaureate and the United World College, Open Court: La Salle, Illinois.

    Appendices

    (If included)

    Examiners are not required to read appendices, therefore care should be taken to include all information of direct relevance to the argument/discussion in the main part of the essay.

    Unless considered essential, complete lists of raw data should not be included in the Extended Essay.

    An Extended Essay should not constantly refer to material presented in an appendix as this may disrupt its continuity.

    The Length of the Extended Essay

    The upper limit is 4000 words for all Extended Essays.

    This upper limit includes:

  • the main part of the Extended Essay;
  • any quotations.
  • This upper limit does not include:
  • any acknowledgments;
  • the contents page;
  • the references (for example footnotes, endnotes);
  • any maps, charts, diagrams, annotated illustrations and tables;
  • the bibliography;
  • the appendix (if included);
  • the Abstract.
  • The advisory minimum number of words is 3500.

    Candidates are required to indicate the number of words on the Extended Essay Cover. Any deliberate attempt to mislead the examiner regarding the number of words in the Extended Essay will be viewed as malpractice.
     

    Candidates writing their Extended Essay in Japanese or Chinese should use the following conversions.

    Japanese: 1 word = approximately 2 Japanese characters
    Chinese: 1 word = approximately 1.2 Chinese characters


    Assessment
     
     

    ASSESSMENT OF EXTENDED ESSAYS

    All Extended Essays are externally assessed by examiners appointed by the IBO. All Extended Essays are graded on a scale from 0 to 36 using the General and Subject Assessment Criteria published in this Guide.

    General Assessment Criteria

    There are seven General Assessment Criteria.These are concerned with how candidates manage general aspects of the Extended Essay, such as the writing of the Abstract and conclusion, the- use of data and overall presentation. -

    For each of the General Assessment Criteria, different degrees of quality are described by a set of Achievement Levels descriptors. Since some of the criteria are more important than others they have more Achievement Levels. The general quality of an Extended Essay is measured by adding together the Achievement Levels attained on each of the seven General Assessment Criteria. An Extended Essay may score up to 24 on the General Assessment Criteria.

    Subject Assessment Criteria

    The Subject Assessment Criteria are concerned with how candidates manage the chosen topic within the context of the subject in which the Extended Essay is registered.

    -Each subject has its own set of criteria :the number of Subject Assessment Criteria varies between subjects. Each Extended Essay will be assessed against the Subject Assessment Criteria for the subject in which it is registered.

    For each of the Subject Assessment Criteria, different degrees of quality are described by a set of Achievement Levels. As for the General Assessment Criteria some of the criteria are more important than others so they have more Achievement Levels. The subject quality of an Extended Essay is measured by adding together the Achievement Levels attained on each of the Subject Assessment Criteria. An Extended Essay may score up to 12 on the Subject Assessment Criteria.

    An inappropriate essay will score zero on the Subject Assessment Criteria.

    In some subjects the addition of Achievement Levels may lead to a score greater than 12.

    Example:

    In Economics, the addition of Achievement Levels may lead to the maximum score of 16. In such subjects, the score obtained on the Subject Assessment Criteria will be scaled to a score out of 12 before it is combined with the score obtained on the General Assessment Criteria.

    Overall Assessment

    The total score obtained, on the scale 0 to 36, will be used to determine in which of the following bands the Extended Essay is placed when the award of bonus points is considered.

    The band descriptions are:

    Work of an excellent standard
    Work of a good standard
    Work of a satisfactory standard
    Work of a mediocre standard
    Work of an elementary standard
    The band description will also form the basis of reporting back to schools on each candidate's performance in the Extended Essay requirement.



     
     

    GENERAL ASSESSMENT CRITERIA


    These General Assessment Criteria are applicable to all Extended Essays, irrespective of the subject in which the Extended Essay is submitted. However, each Extended Essay will be assessed against these criteria in the context of the subject in which the Extended Essay is submitted.

    A Research Question

    Achievement Level
    0 The research question (or specific issue to be investigated) is not stated.
    1 The research question (or specific issue to be investigated) is stated but not in a precise manner.
    2 The research question (or specific issue to be investigated) is clearly and -precisely stated but is too broad in scope to be effectively treated within the word limit.
    3 The research question (or specific issue to be investigated) is clearly and precisely stated and is sharply focused and is therefore susceptible to effective treatment within the word limit.

    B Data/Information

    Achievement Level
    0 The data gathered/generated and/or background information selected is completely irrelevant to the research.
    1 The data gathered/generated and/or background information selected is largely irrelevant to the research.
    2 The data gathered/generated and background information selected is generally relevant to the research.
    3 The data gathered/generated and background information selected is directly relevant to the research.

    C Analysis/Evaluation

    Achievement Level
    0 There is no attempt to analyze/evaluate the data/information derived.
    1 There is some attempt to analyze the data/information derived, but the techniques of analysis are inappropriate or incorrectly applied Where an evaluation is appropriate, it is subjective with no attempt to recognize alternative interpretations.
    2 The data/information derived has been analyzed, but not all techniques are correctly applied. There may be some attempt to apply inappropriate techniques. Where an evaluation is appropriate, the possibility of more than one interpretation is recognized.
    3 The data/information derived has been analyzed using appropriate and correctly applied techniques. Where evaluation is appropriate, different interpretations have been considered.
    4 The data/information derived has been systematically and competently analyzed using appropriate and correctly applied techniques. Where an evaluation is appropriate, a range of interpretations have been considered and their merit appraised.

    D Discussion/Argument

    Achievement Level
    0 The major part of the discussion/argument is not relevant to the research question (or specific issue being investigated).
    1 The discussion/argument is not always relevant to the research question (or specific issue being investigated).
    2 The discussion/argument is consistently relevant to the research question (or specific issue being investigated) but is not organized.
    3 The discussion/argument is consistently relevant to the research question (or specific issue being investigated), but is difficult to follow owing to the way it is organized.
    4 The discussion/argument is consistently relevant to the research question (or specific issue being investigated) and is well organized and is therefore easy to follow.

    E Conclusion

    Achievement Level
    0 No attempt has been made to provide a conclusion to the essay.
    1 The conclusion is confusing and/or irrelevant to the research question.
    2 The conclusion is relevant to the research question but is not substantiated by the evidence presented. In cases where it may have been appropriate to do so, no reference is made to unresolved questions or new questions that have emerged from the research.
    3 The conclusion is clearly stated and is relevant to the research question and is substantiated by the evidence presented. If appropriate, limited reference is made to unresolved questions and new questions that have emerged from the research.
    4 The conclusion is clearly stated, is relevant to the research question and fully substantiated by the evidence presented. If appropriate, the conclusion clearly indicates unresolved questions and new questions that have emerged from the research.

    F Abstract

    Achievement Level
    0 An Abstract is not included or the Abstract exceeds the 300 word limit.
    1 Within the Abstract, the topic, the research question, the scope of the investigation and the conclusion(s) reached are not all clearly stated and/or one or more of these requirements is/are omitted.
    2 Within the Abstract, the topic, the research question, the scope of the investigation and conclusion(s) reached are all clearly stated.

    G Requirements of the Extended Essay as listed in the General Guidelines

    Achievement Level

    0 THE ESSAY EXCEEDS 4200 WORDS *

    1 The essay is within 4200 words. The candidate has achieved a poor standard with regard to the overall presentation of the essay; in particular the contents, references, bibliography and appendix (if included).
    2 The essay is within 4200 words. The candidate has achieved an adequate standard with regard to the overall presentation of the essay; in particular the contents, references, bibliography and appendix (if included).
    3 The essay is within 4200 words. The candidate has achieved a good standard with regard to the overall presentation of the essay; in particular the contents, references, bibliography and appendix (if included).
    4 The essay is within 4200 words. The candidate has achieved an excellent standard with regard to the overall presentation of the essay; in particular the contents, references, bibliography and appendix (if included).


    * The word limit for all Extended Essays is 4000, however, some flexibility is permitted (up to 200 words) to allow for completion of the Extended Essay.

    A more detailed description of each Achievement Level for
    Criterion G is given on the following page

    G Requirements of the Extended Essay as listed in the General Guidelines

    Achievement Level 0

    The essay exceeds 4200 words.

    Achievement Level 1

    The essay is within 4200 words. The overall presentation and neatness of the essay are poor. Illustrative material, if included, is untidy and not used effectively. A contents page or list of section/chapter headings, if included, is not clearly set out. If appropriate, references may not have been used to acknowledge sources and/or quotations, or their use is very limited. If used, they have not been set out consistently, according to a standard format. If appropriate, the bibliography clearly omits some works of reference used and may not specify author(s), title, date of publication and publisher in a consistent way. If appropriate, the appendix is poorly presented, not selective and contains redundant information/data.


    Achievement Level 2

    The essay is within 4200 words. The overall presentation and neatness of the essay are adequate. Illustrative material, if included, may on occasions be untidy and not used effectively. A contents page or list of section/chapter headings is provided, but may not be clearly set out. The pages may not be numbered. If appropriate, references are used to acknowledge most sources and quotations, but may not be set out consistently, according to a standard format. If appropriate, the bibliography appears to include most works of reference used but it does not specify author(s), title, date of publication and publisher in a consistent way. If appropriate, the appendix contains more information/data than is necessary in support of the text. The presentation of the appendix is acceptable.


    Achievement Level 3

    The essay is within 4200 words. The overall presentation and neatness of the essay are good. Illustrative material, if appropriate to the essay, is well set out and in most cases used effectively. A contents page or list of section/chapter headings is provided. All pages are numbered. If appropriate, references used to acknowledge sources and quotations are set out consistently, according to a standard format. If appropriate, the bibliography appears to include most works of reference used and it specifies author(s), title, date of publication and publisher following one standard method of listing sources. If appropriate, the appendix contains information/data that is required in support of the text. The presentation of the appendix could have been improved, but is generally good.


    Achievement Level 4

    The essay is within 4200 words. The overall presentation and neatness of the essay are excellent. Illustrative material, if appropriate to the essay, is well set out and used effectively. A contents page or a list of section/chapter headings is provided. All pages are numbered. If appropriate, references used to acknowledge sources and quotations are set out consistently, according to a standard format. If appropriate, the bibliography appears to include all, and only, those works of reference which have been consulted by the candidate and it specifies author(s), title, date of publication and publisher following consistently one standard method of listing sources. If appropriate, the appendix only contains information/data that is required in support of the text. The presentation of the appendix is excellent.


    Bibliography
     
     

    BIBLIOGRAPHY


    The following list of useful texts is not intended to be definitive; these are some texts which could be made available to candidates to provide further information on how to conduct and present small scale research. Teachers are encouraged to write to IBEX if they can recommend texts which could be added to this initial list.

    Clanchy, J. & Ballard, B. How to write essays: a practical guide for students. Longman Cheshire: Melbourne (1983).

    Pirie, D. B. How to Write Critical Essays. Methuen: London (1985).

    Robertson, H. The Research Essay: a guide to Papers, Essays and Projects. Piperhill Publications Inc.: Ottawa (1991).

    Taylor, G. The Students Writing Guide for the Arts and Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press: Melbourne (1989).

    Watson, G. Writing a Thesis: a guide to long essays and dissertations. Longman Group UK Ltd. (1987).

    A collection of outstanding Extended Essays was published by the International Baccalaureate Organization in 1991. This publication, A Collection of Extended Essays by IB Students, is available from the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBNA).


    Checklists
    Examples
    Oral Presentation

    http://www.myersparkhigh.org/ib/program/extended_essay.htm
     

    Student Considerations:

    I. Regulations: 

    A.Topic choice must be in one of the subjects of the IB curriculum.

    B.The essay must meet the general and specific subject area criteria

    C.The value of the extended essay will be + 2, + 1, 0

    D.An IB diploma will not be granted if:

    1.An essay is not submitted by the deadline

    2.There is no qualified supervising teacher and/or no report from the mentor

    3.An essay is plagiarized

    4.The essay does not meet both general and specific subject area criteria

    5.The essay is repetitious of work done in class or internally assessed

    E.The language of the essay

    1.Must be in Language A or Language B if the topic is Language or Language B

    2.Must be in English, French, or Spanish if the essay is in one of the remaining subject groups: 3- 6

    F.The length of the essay

    1.Should be 2500, excluding bibliography, appendices, maps, charts, pictures, diagrams

    2.Will be subject to penalty if it exceeds 2500 words

    3.May be 3000 words if submitted in Language B

    G.The original copy of the essay must be submitted to IB. Candidates should keeps a copy of the essay and also must retain all notes and drafts for possible scrutiny by IB.

    H.Plagiarism must absolutely not exist in this essay. If words, ideas, or designs are borrowed, the paper will be declared null and void and no diploma will be granted.

    I.Legibility is required

    J.No extended essay may come from TOK
     
     

    Mentor Considerations:
     
     

    The mentor must:

    1.Provide the candidate with the latest general extended essay guidelines and go over them with the candidate

    2.Provide the candidate with specific subject guidelines

    3.Give initial guidance on topic selection, planning and research, making sure that the candidate choose restricted topics within the range of reason and experience

    4.Draw the student’s attention to sources and authorities, distinguishing between primary and secondary sources.

    5.Advise on techniques of writing extended essays

    6.Advise on essay plan and outline

    7.Allow candidates to develop their own ideas

    8.Be able to verify that the essay is the student’s own work, making sure that no one other than the candidate has modified or corrected the essay.

    9.Read the final version of the essay as submitted by examiners

    10.Be able to verify that the essay is not duplication of material used in class or work produced in class for internal assessment

    11.Make sure that the essay conforms to both general and specific guidelines

    12.Complete the supervising teacher’s report by specified date, logging the actual time spent with candidate discussing the progress of the essay and giving a final evaluation using the main headings of the general and specific criteria.

    13.Share in the responsibility for the success of each candidate

    14.Participate in a system of checks and balances with the students in a spirit of cooperation.
     
     

    Guidelines:

    A.Topic: Write an extended essay on a limited topic from one of the subject areas in the IB curriculum

    B.Balance: Achieve a balance between research and originality in choice of topic, development of topic, and in conclusions

    C.Mentor: Be certain to consult with the mentor and expect guidance in:

    1.Planning an Research

    2.Sources

    3.Techniques of Extended Essay writing

    4.Development of Essay plan and Outline

    5.Student’s development of own ideas

    D.Plagiarism: The mentor must be able to testify that the student’s work is his/her own

    E.Writing the essay: In executing the essay, be certain to consider:

    1.The structure (see “The Research Essay”)

    2.Sources—have a variety, distinguishing between primary and secondary sources

    3.Presentation—strive for neatness and order

    4.Documentation—have footnotes, bibliography, and, where appropriate, appendices

    5.Media materials—use if appropriate

    F. Assessment: Among other things, the essay will be judged on its

    1.definition and delimitation of an appropriate topic

    2.the thesis

    3.adequate sources

    4.analysis and evaluation of relevant materials

    5.a logically coherent, well-organized argument

    6.substantial conclusions

    7.a personal, imaginatively original research report/essay

    8.documentation

    9.adherence to word limit

    10.adherence to the subject specified

    11.inclusion f an abstract where required (e.g. history)

    Summary of Student Responsibilities

    1.Read the extended essay handbook

    2.Complete Topic proposal and identify a mentor who has less than 10 IB Extended Essay students

    3.Read and sign contract

    4.Familiarize yourself with Extended Essay schedule of deadlines

    5.Meet with your mentor for initial planning and discussion prior to the final selection of topic

    6.Be prepared to complete as outlined on schedule

    7.Keep and up-date log book on meetings with mentor

    8.Complete your Extended Essay to the best of your abilities. Make it an extension of yourself of which you can always be proud

    Links
    Transition Words!!
    http://acsenglish.tripod.com/links.html
     

    http://chesterfield.k12.va.us/~chenly/englishfiles.htm

    Official home page of the International Baccalaureate Organization
    http://www.ibo.org/

    Biology EE
    http://www.uwc.ca/pearson/biology/extessay/bioee.htm

    EE- Baltimore- Excellent
    http://baltimorecitycollege.org/ib/extended.htm

    The university of Liverpool- Guidelines for extended essay
    http://www.liv.ac.uk/~lynnf/extessay.html

    Nada's Research proposal
    Research Proposal
    Emotional Intelligence and
    Academic Achievement.

    Extended essay booklet
    http://216.239.51.100/search?q=cache:ubAnWX21AC8C:www.rism.ac.th/class/hs/ib/ee%2520guidelines.pdf
    +IB-+extended+essay+booklet&hl=en&ie=UTF-8